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09 July 2012

Australian Recording Industry Association

The Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) is a trade group representing the Australian recording industry which was established in 1983 by six major record companies, EMI, Festival, CBS, RCA, WEA and Universal replacing the Association of Australian Record Manufacturers (AARM) which was formed in 1956.[1] It oversees the collection, administration and distribution of music licenses and royalties. The association has more than a hundred members, including small labels typically run by one to five people, medium size organisations and very large companies with international affiliates. ARIA is administered by a Board of Directors comprising senior executives from record companies, both large and small. As of October 2010, the directors were Denis Handlin (chair, CEO of Sony Music), George Ash (Universal Music), Mark Poston (EMI), Sebastian Chase (MGM Distribution), David Vodica (Rubber Records/Music) and Tony Harlow (WAR).[2]
In 2006, ARIA formed sponsorship deals with Motorola and Nova and changed the appearance and conduct of the charting. Motorola took naming-rights sponsorship seeing the charts referred to in the media as the Motorola ARIA Charts. ARIA, have commented that as part of the same marketing printed charts would be reintroduced into media retailing shops and their website would be redesigned. As part of the deal Nova began broadcasting the charted singles in reverse order on a Sunday afternoon show before it was released on the ARIA charts website.
From January 2012, the syndicated radio programme "Take 40 Australia" (through the MCM Network) returned to the Top 40 ARIA singles chart for its weekly playlist.

History

In 1956, the Association of Australian Record Manufacturers (AARM) was formed by Australia's major record companies.[1] It was replaced in 1983 by the Australian Recording Industry Association, which was established by the six major record companies operating in Australia, EMI, Festival Records, CBS (now known as Sony Music), RCA (now known as BMG), WEA (now known as Warner Music) and Polygram (now known as Universal). It later included smaller record companies representing independent acts/labels and has over 100 members. By 1997, the six major labels provided 90% of all recordings made in Australia.[1] ARIA is administered by a Board of Directors comprising senior executives from record companies, both large and small. As of October 2010, the directors were Denis Handlin (chair, CEO of Sony Music), George Ash (Universal Music), Mark Poston (EMI), Sebastian Chase (MGM Distribution), David Vodica (Rubber Records/Music) and Tony Harlow (WAR).[2]
Australian TV pop music show Countdown presented its own annual awards ceremony, Countdown Music and Video Awards, which was co-produced by Carolyn James (aka Carolyn Bailey) during 1981–1984 in collaboration with ARIA.[3][4][5] ARIA provided peer voting for some awards, while Countdown provided coupons in the related Countdown Magazine for viewers to vote for populist awards.[6] At the 1985 Countdown awards ceremony, held on 14 April 1986, fans of INXS and Uncanny X-Men scuffled during the broadcast and as a result ARIA decided to hold their own awards.[5]
Since 2 March 1987, ARIA administered its own entirely peer-voted ARIA Music Awards,[7] to "recognise excellence and innovation in all genres of Australian music" with an annual ceremony.[8][9] Initially included in the same awards ceremonies, it established the ARIA Hall of Fame in 1988 and has held separate annual ceremonies since 2005. The ARIA Hall of Fame "honours Australian musicians' achievements [that] have had a significant impact in Australia or around the world".[10]
In February 2004, the Australian Record Industry Association (ARIA) announced its own legal action against Kazaa, alleging massive copyright breaches. The trial began on 29 November 2004. On 6 February 2005, the homes of two Sharman Networks executives and the offices of Sharman Networks in Australia were raided under a court order by ARIA to gather evidence for the trial.

Methodology of its charts

ARIA collects recorded music sales data from more than 1100 music retailers across Australia. Sales figures are then extrapolated to achieve a 'best estimate' of the actual overall sales of each title. Titles are ranked according to their 'weighted' sales figures.
The charts are calculated once every week on Sundays. They are based on retail music sales within Australia for the week from the preceding Saturday to the Friday prior to calculation. The new charts are usually uploaded to the official ARIA website on Sunday night Eastern Australian time. The Club Chart is compiled from weekly DJ reports across Australia.
In April 2006, ARIA began producing a Digital Track Chart, calculated from sales data submitted by major online music providers such as Apple iTunes, BigPond Music, Destra Music, NineMSN Music and Soundbuzz, as well as retailers such as Ripit, Leading Edge and JB Hi-Fi.[11] ARIA says the digital sales market accounted for $8 million revenue to the industry during 2005, or around 1.5 per cent of the overall wholesale market.[12]

Certifications

Certifications are based on singles or albums shipped to retailers, not sold/purchased by customers,[13] however when physical singles stopped being released certifications on singles were actually bought by consumers.
  • 35,000 units: Gold
  • 70,000 units: Platinum

Criticisms

Like most recording industry associations, ARIA has been criticised for fighting copyright infringement matters aggressively, although in Australia this has taken largely the form of aggressive advertising campaigns particularly in cinemas directly preceding movies. This criticism is stauncher in Australia due to the absence of an equivalent Digital Millennium Copyright Act or state crimes acts which clearly establish copyright infringement as a crime.
In February 2004, the Australian Record Industry Association (ARIA) took legal action against Kazaa, alleging massive copyright breaches. The trial began on 29 November 2004. On 6 February 2005, the homes of two Sharman Networks executives and the offices of Sharman Networks in Australia were raided under a court order by ARIA to gather evidence for the trial.
The ARIA charts have also been criticised as an easily manipulated market tool abused by aggressively marketed pop acts. "Gold" and "Platinum" ARIA awards are based on units shipped to retail outlets, not on how many of those units are sold to customers. A lukewarm album or single release can achieve Gold or Platinum status by flooding the market with copies, and if 99% are returned to the manufacturer that in no way affects the status of the award.
ARIA has been criticised by Australian Idol judge and record producer Ian Dickson for a perceived intolerance of Australian Idol contestants, and a lack of nomination in the ARIA Awards.[14]

ARIA Charts

For more information, see ARIA Charts.

Singles

  • Top 50 Singles Chart
  • Top 20 Dance Chart
  • Top 20 Australian Chart
  • Top 50 Club Chart
  • Top 40 Digital Track Chart
  • Top 50 Physical Singles Chart
  • Top 40 Urban Singles Chart

Albums

  • Top 50 Albums Chart
  • Top 50 Digital Albums Chart
  • Top 50 Physical Albums Chart
  • Top 50 Catalogue Albums Chart
  • Top 20 Country Chart
  • Top 20 Compilations Chart
  • Top 40 Urban Albums Chart

DVDs

  • Top 50 Music DVD's chart

List of Top 50 Australian chart achievements and trivia

Songs with the most weeks at number-one

14 weeks
13 weeks
12 weeks
11 weeks
10 weeks
9 weeks
8 weeks

Artists with the most number-one hits

Artists with the most consecutive number-one hits

Artists reaching number-one digital downloads

Reached number-one in its fifth week on the chart after jumping from #31.
Reached number-one in its third week on the chart.
Debuted at number-one.
Reached number-one in its sixth week on the chart.
Reached number-one in its seventh week on the chart.
Reached number-one in its third week on the chart.

Consecutive weeks at #1 on the Video Hits Top 20 Chart (1986-2011)

Details to be announced

Songs making the biggest drop from number-one

Songs making the biggest jump to number-one

Most number-one singles from a single album

Most top five singles from a single album


Songs that have hit number one by different artists

Number-one single debuts

Pre-2000

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

No songs debuted at number one during 2008. It has been suggested this is because of the availability of digital music, enabling listeners to purchase tracks from albums before the track may be released as a single.

2009

2010

2011

2012

Artists with the most cumulative weeks at number-one

Songs with most weeks in the top 50

45 weeks or more

40-44 weeks

39 weeks

38 weeks

37 weeks

36 weeks

35 weeks

34 weeks

33 weeks

32 weeks

31 weeks

30 weeks

Songs with most weeks at number-two

Eleven weeks

Ten weeks

Eight weeks

Seven weeks

Six weeks

Five weeks

Songs with most weeks at number-three

Seven weeks

Six weeks

Five weeks

Four weeks

Also to note, Sophie Ellis-Bextor's "Murder on the Dancefloor" spent a further 6 weeks at number 4. On the other hand, Mario's world wide smash "Let Me Love You" spent only 1 week at number 3, but 8 weeks at number 4. It was a similar case with the Guns N' Roses song You Could Be Mine which spent 1 week at number 3 but went on to spend 6 weeks at number 4. The Four Seasons song December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night) spent 7 weeks at number 4 after peaking at number 3 for two weeks. The Gorillaz hit "Feel Good Inc." spent 4 weeks at number 4, as did Sash!'s 2000 hit, "Adelante". The songs "Club Can't Handle Me" by Flo Rida and David Guetta, "Firework" by Katy Perry and Lay Down Your Guns by Jimmy Barnes also spent 4 straight weeks at #4. Wendy Matthews song "The Day You Went Away" spent 4 non-consecutive weeks in the charts. LMFAO's hit Party Rock Anthem also spent 4 weeks at number 4, the first and second weeks being 15 weeks apart.

Songs spending the most weeks in the top ten

Over 19 weeks

19 weeks

18 weeks

17 weeks

16 weeks

15 weeks

14 weeks

13 weeks

Songs that made the biggest drop in the top fifty

Also making the biggest drop in the Top 100:
  • Francesca - "Way of the World" (2002) 3-100+ (97+ places)
  • Karise Eden - "I Was Your Girl" (2012) 3-100+ (97+ places)
  • Darren Percival - "Damage Down" (2012) 8-100+ (92+ places)
  • Karise Eden - "Nothing Real But Love" (2012) 11-100+ (89+ places)
  • Boyz II Men - "Pass You By" (2000) 13-100+ (87+ places)
  • Mariah Carey - "All I Want For Christmas" (1995) 15-100+ (85+ places)
  • Karise Eden - "Landslide" (2012) 15-100+ (85+ places)
  • Darren Percival - "For Once in My Life" (2012) 17-100+ (83+ places)
  • Karise Eden - "It's a Man's World" (2012) 21-100+ (79+ places)
  • Nirvana - "About a Girl" (1994) 4-76 (72 places)
  • Rachael Leahcar - "Shooting Star" (2012) 31-100+ (69 places)
  • Rachael Leahcar - "Smile" (2012) 34-100+ (66 places)
  • James Kannis - "Love 2 Love" (2006) 35-100+ (65+ places)
  • Psycho Teddy - "Psycho Teddy (Do You Really Really Want To?)" - (2008) 5-70 (65 places)
  • Karise Eden - "Back to Black" (2012) 36-100+ (64+ places)
  • Ricki-Lee - "Dont Miss You" (2009) 24-87 (63 places)
  • Karise Eden - "Hallelujah" (2012) 38-100+ (62+ places)
  • Ben Hazlewood - "I'm With You" (2012) 41-100+ (59+ places)
  • Marcia Hines and Deni Hines - "Stomp" (2006) 43-100+ (57+ places)
  • Sarah De Bono - "Here's Where I Stand" (2012) 43-100+ (57+ places)
  • Rachael Leahcar - "Nights in White Satin" (2012) 32-89 (57 places)
  • Karise Eden - "Stay With Me Baby" (2012) 1-54 (54 places)
  • Adam Martin - "Romeo and Juliet" (2012) 50-100 (50+ places)
  • Sarah De Bono - "If I Didn't Love You" (2012) 50-100+ (50+ places)
  • Brittany Cairns - "Different Worlds" (2012) 15-64 (49 places)
  • Darren Percival - "A Song for You" (2012) 52-100+ (48+ places)
  • The Cat Empire - "No Longer There" (2007) 12-58 (46 places)
  • Karise Eden - "Stay With Me Baby" (2012) 54-100+ (46+ places)
  • Backstreet Boys - "Straight Through My Heart" (2009) 54-99 (45 places)
  • Fatai V - "Ave Maria" (2012) 55-100+ (45 places)
  • Diana Rouvas - "I Can't Make You Love Me" (2012) 32-77 (45 places)
  • DJ Teddy Z - "You Should Be Dancing" (2008) 23-67 (44 places)
  • Madonna - "Celebration" (2009) 40-84 (44 places)
  • Darren Percival - "Wherever I Lay My Hat" (2012) 56-100+ (44+ places)
  • Sarah De Bono - "Listen" (2012) 38-80 (42 places)
  • Darren Percival - "I Believe" (2012) 37-78 (41 places)
  • Britney Spears - "Everytime" (2004) 29-69 (40 places)
  • End of Fashion - "The Game" (2006) 13-52 (39 places)
  • Bloc Party - "The Prayer" (2007) 20-58 (38 places)
  • Sarah De Bono - "Beautiful" (2012) 37-75 (38 places)
  • Silverchair - "If You Keep Losing Sleep" (2007) 16-53 (37 places)
  • U2 - "Get On Your Boots" (2009) 26-62 (36 places)
  • Rachael Leahcar - "Nights in White Satin" (2012) 64-100+ (36+ places)
  • Sarah De Bono - "How Will I Know" (2012) 66-100+ (34+ places)
  • Diana Rouvas - "Love on Top" (2012) 22-55 (33 places)
  • Killing Heidi - "Live Without It" (2000) 18-51 (33 places)
  • Sarah De Bono - "Listen" (2012) 70-100+ (30+ places)
  • Fatai V - "Ave Maria" (2012) 25-55 (30 places)
  • Sarah De Bono - "How Will I Know" (2012) 24-51 (27 places)
  • Diana Rouvas - "Love on Top" (2012) 55-82 (27 places)

Songs that made the biggest jump in the top fifty

Also making the biggest jump in the Top 100 (over 30 places):

Self-replacement at number one

Albums with most weeks at number-one

76 weeks
34 weeks
33 weeks
30 weeks
29 weeks
28 weeks
  • Original Australian Broadway cast - Hair (1969)
25 weeks
20 weeks

Albums with most weeks in Top 100 chart (since 1988)[16]

  • 296 weeks Fleetwood Mac - "The Very Best of Fleetwood Mac" (2002–2012)#
  • 278 weeks Metallica - "Metallica" (1991–1993, 1996, 1998, 2008, 2010–2011)
  • 241 weeks Meat Loaf - "Bat Out Of Hell" (1978, 1991, 2011)
  • 218 weeks Guns n' Roses - "Greatest Hits" (2004–2007, 2009–2011)
  • 203 weeks ABBA - "ABBA Gold - Greatest Hits" (1992–1995, 1999–2000, 2008–2009, 2011)
  • 187 weeks Michael Bublé - "Michael Bublé" (2003–2005, 2008, 2010–2011)
  • 151 weeks Taylor Swift - "Fearless" (2008–2012)#
  • 142 weeks Michael Bublé - "It's Time" (2005–2009, 2011)
  • 140 weeks Florence & The Machine - "Lungs" (2008–2012)#
  • 140 weeks Creedence Clearwater Revival - "Chronicle - The 20 Greatest Hits" (1976, 2008–2012)#
  • 136 weeks Michael Jackson - "The Essential Michael Jackson" (2005, 2008–2010)
  • 135 weeks The Beatles - "1" (2000–2003, 2011–2012)
  • 132 weeks Amy Winehouse - "Back To Black" (2007–2012)#
  • 125 weeks Red Hot Chili Peppers - "Greatest Hits" (2003–2004, 2006–2007, 2011)
  • 123 weeks Pink Floyd - "The Dark Side Of The Moon" (1973, 1993–1994, 2005, 2011–2012)
  • 121 weeks Kings Of Leon - "Only By The Night" (2008–2011)
  • 113 weeks Queen - "Greatest Hits" (1981, 1991–1992, 1994, 2008, 2011)
  • 112 weeks Linkin Park - "Hybrid Theory" (2001–2002, 2011)
  • 107 weeks Pink - "Funhouse" (2008–2010)
  • 107 weeks Nickelback - "Dark Horse" (2008–2011)
  • 106 weeks Neil Young - "Greatest Hits" (2004–2006, 2009–2011)
  • 104 weeks Foo Fighters - "Greatest Hits" (2009–2012)#
  • 104 weeks Phil Collins - "...Hits" (1998–1999, 2008–2011)
  • 102 weeks Dire Straits - "Brothers In Arms" (1985, 2010)
>> Other notable long-stayers from pre-ARIA days: "Grease" (OST), "The Phantom of the Opera" (London Cast Recording), "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" (Original Cast Recording/Soundtrack).
[Note: Richard Clayderman's "Reveries" album spent 178 weeks in the Australian Top 100 from Dec. 1980; The Original Cast Recording of "Jesus Christ Superstar" spent 141 weeks in the Top 100 (from Dec. 1970); Dire Straits "Love Over Gold" spent 140 weeks from Oct. 1982]
[# at W/C: 7/5/12] - not complete
Most weeks in ARIA Top 50 Albums Chart (since 1988):

Artists with the most number-one albums

Simultaneously occupying the top three positions

Albums

For the first time in ARIA chart history, Michael Jackson occupied the first three spots of the Albums Chart, after his death.

Singles

After winning season one of The Voice, Karise Eden simultaneously occupied the top three positions of the singles chart, the first time this has occured in Australian chart history since The Beatles held the top six spots in 1964.[17][a]
Note a ^ Eden's songs made some of the biggest falls in Australian chart history in the following weeks. "Stay With Me Baby" fell to #54 the next week, the biggest drop for a #1 single in chart history, and left the top 100 the following week. It is currently the shortest time a #1 song has spent in both the Top 50 and the Top 100. "Hallelujah" dropped from #2 to #38 and then out of the Top 100 the next week. "I Was Your Girl" spent only one week in the Top 100, a drop of 97+ places, the equal biggest fall out of the Top 100 in Australain chart history.[18]
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