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20 July 2012

Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet

The Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet (Nelson Piquet International Autodrome), also known as Jacarepaguá, after the neighbourhood in which it was located, is a race course in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil which hosted the Brazilian Formula One Grand Prix 10 times.
Jacarepaguá/Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet
Formula One layout
Location Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Time zone GMT -3
Major events Brazilian Grand Prix (1978 & 1981-1989), CART (1996-2000), Rio de Janeiro motorcycle Grand Prix (1995-2004), Stock Car Brasil (19??-Current)
Grand Prix Circuit (1978-1994)
Surface Asphalt
Length 5.031 km (3.126 mi)
Turns 11
Lap record 1:32.507 (Riccardo Patrese, Williams, 1989)
Grand Prix Circuit (1995-2005)
Surface Asphalt
Length 4.933 km (3.605 mi)
Turns 13
Short Circuit (1995-2005), Grand Prix Circuit (2006-201?)
Surface Asphalt
Length 3.336 km (2.073 mi)
Turns 7
Emerson Fittipaldi Speedway (1996-2005)
Surface Asphalt
Length 3 km (1.864 mi)
Turns 4
Lap record 0:38.565 (Christian Fittipaldi, Newman-Haas, 1999, Cart FedEx Championship Series)

History

The circuit was built in 1978 on reclaimed marshland, thus the course is quite flat with little elevation change. The course itself has few distinguishing characteristics, with two main straights, plus numerous slow-speed corners; however, the scenic backdrop of the mountains of Rio is quite stunning.
In 1988 the Jacarepaguá circuit was named after Brazil's first triple World Drivers' Champion Nelson Piquet.
From 1996 to 2000 the CART series staged events at Jacarepaguá in an accessory trapezoid-shaped speedway named Emerson Fittipaldi Speedway having approximately 3 km (1.864 mi) length. The circuit also hosted the Brazilian motorcycle Grand Prix race from 1995 to 2004, and held the Mil Milhas Brasil endurance race in 1997.
As of early 2005, there were plans to partially demolish this racetrack to make room for a new sports complex to be used for the 2007 Pan American Games. It would have made the track approximately 1.67 miles (2.69 km) long, thus making it too short for most international racing series. However, the FIA's ruling on a track's minimum length is ambiguous. In 2006, despite rumors of the race being cancelled, the Brazilian Stock Car Rio event was contested on a temporary short circuit combining sections of the oval and normal circuits and the start/finish line was moved to the back stretch, which was cut short to make room for the Pan-American games venues.
Another proposal for the circuit was to have both a club permanent circuit, and an international-length half-permanent, half-car park circuit involving that circuit and an extension which utilises the car parks of the park. That would be have been designed by Hermann Tilke.
In January 2008, it was announced that the track was to be demolished in next years to allow the city to build an Olympic Training Centre venue for the Rio de Janeiro bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics which Rio was successful.[1]
On the other hand, a new circuit will be build at Deodoro neighborhood.[2]
As of 2008, the 3.336 kilometres (2.073 mi) track[3] comprises the original's second half, with a hairpin that connects the previous main straight and back straight. It remains active, with races such as Stock Car's Corrida do Milhão.[4]
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