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13 July 2012

Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia

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This article is part of the
History of Indonesia series
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See also:
Timeline of Indonesian History
Prehistory
Early kingdoms
Kutai (4th century)
Tarumanagara (358–669)
Kalingga (6th–7th century)
Srivijaya (7th–13th centuries)
Sailendra (8th–9th centuries)
Sunda Kingdom (669–1579)
Medang Kingdom (752–1045)
Kediri (1045–1221)
Singhasari (1222–1292)
Majapahit (1293–1500)
The rise of Muslim states
Spread of Islam (1200–1600)
Ternate Sultanate (1257–present)
Malacca Sultanate (1400–1511)
Demak Sultanate (1475–1548)
Aceh Sultanate (1496–1903)
Pagaruyung Kingdom (1500-1825)
Banten Sultanate (1526–1813)
Mataram Sultanate (1500s–1700s)
European colonisation
The Portuguese (1512–1850)
Dutch East India Co. (1602–1800)
Dutch East Indies (1800–1942)
The emergence of Indonesia
National awakening (1908–1942)
Japanese occupation (1942–45)
National revolution (1945–50)
Independent Indonesia
Liberal democracy (1950–57)
Guided Democracy (1957–65)
Start of the New Order (1965–66)
The New Order (1966–98)
Reformasi era (1998–present)
The Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Pemerintahan Darurat Republik Indonesia), (PDRI) was established by Indonesian Republicans after the Netherlands occupied Yogyakarta in Central Java the location of the temporary Republican capital. It was located in the city of Bukittinggi and led by Sjafruddin Prawiranegara.[1]
The Republic of Indonesia’s Strategy Council had prepared an emergency plan to create a "government in exile" in Sumatra or overseas. Mr Sjafruddin Prawiranegara, the Minister of Welfare went to Bukittinggi, West Sumatra in preparation for this emergency plan. Before being captured by the Dutch, President Sukarno sent a telegraph message to Mr. Sjafruddin Prawiranegara in Bukittinggi giving him a mandate to create a "Republic of Indonesia government in exile" but this was not received until 1949. A similar telegraph was sent to Mr. Maramis, Indonesian Minister of Finance in New Delhi, India. Based on the emergency plan, after the Dutch invasion, on December 22, 1948, Mr. Sjafruddin Prawiranegara established a 'government in exile' called the 'Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia' (PDRI) in Bukittinggi, Sumatra. Sjafruddin served as chairman of the emergency cabinet. The leaders of the PDRI moved around West Sumatra in an effort to evade arrest by the Dutch who wanted to abolish the PDRI. In 1949 the PDRI government contacted the leaders of Indonesian forces in Java and the six Republic of Indonesia government ministers in Java who had escaped arrest.
Based on the Roem-Royen peace agreement, on July 13, 1949, Dutch troops were to be pulled out from Republic of Indonesia regions and the Republic of Indonesia leaders were to be freed. The PDRI would therefore no longer be required, and Mr. Sjafruddin Prawiranegara disbanded the PDRI and returned the mandate to the President of RI.

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