13 July 2012

Krai Krasnodar

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Krasnodar Krai
Краснодарский край (Russian)
—  Krai  —


Coat of arms
Anthem: Anthem of Krasnodar Krai
Coordinates: 45°22′N 39°26′E / 45.367°N 39.433°E / 45.367; 39.433Coordinates: 45°22′N 39°26′E / 45.367°N 39.433°E / 45.367; 39.433
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Southern[1]
Economic region North Caucasus[2]
Established September 13, 1937[3]
Administrative center Krasnodar
Government (as of August 2010)
 - Head of Administration (Governor)[4] Alexander Tkachyov[5]
 - Legislature Legislative Assembly[6]

Area (as of the 2002 Census)[7]
 - Total 76,000 km2 (29,343.8 sq mi)
Area rank 42nd
Population (2010 Census)[8]
 - Total 5,226,647
 - Rank 3rd
 - Density[9] 68.77 /km2 (178.1 /sq mi)
 - Urban 52.9%
 - Rural 47.1%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[10]
ISO 3166-2 RU-KDA
License plates 23
Official languages Russian[11]
Krasnodar Krai (Russian: Краснода́рский край, tr. Krasnodarsky kray; IPA: [krəsnɐˈdarskʲɪj kraj]) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Krasnodar. Population: 5,226,647 (2010 Census).[8]


Krasnodar Krai encompasses the western part of the Forecaucasus and a part of the northern slopes of Caucasus Major. Krasnodar Krai borders, clockwise from the west, Ukraine—from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch and the Sea of Azov—Russia's Rostov Oblast, Stavropol Krai, and the Karachay–Cherkess Republic, and Georgia's breakaway republic of Abkhazia. The krai's territory entirely encircles the Republic of Adygea. Krasnodar Krai's southern border is formed by what is left of Russia's Black Sea coast, with the most important port (Novorossiysk) and resort (Sochi) in this part of the country.
A hilly landscape near Goryachy Klyuch
Geographically, the area is split by the Kuban River into two distinct parts. The southern, seaward third (Circassia) is the western extremity of the Caucasus range, lying within the Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion; the climate is Mediterranean or, in the south-east, subtropical. The northern two-thirds lies on the Pontic Steppe and shares continental climate patterns. The largest lake is Abrau in the wine-making region of Abrau-Dyurso.

[edit] Administrative divisions

Krasnodar Krai is administratively divided into thirty-eight districts (raions ) and twenty-six cities/towns. The districts are further subdivided into towns, urban-type settlements, and rural okrugs and stanitsa okrugs.

[edit] Demographics

Population: 5,226,647 (2010 Census);[8] 5,125,221 (2002 Census);[12] 5,113,148 (1989 Census).[13]
The population of Krasnodar Krai is concentrated in the Kuban River drainage basin, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups are the Adyghe who have lived in the Kuban area before the Cossacks and for thousands of years; other residents include the Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni) who have lived in the region since at least the 18th century.
Ethnic groups: the 2010 Census identified ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:[8]
Population Ethnicity Percentage of total population
4,522,962 Russians 88.3%
281,680 Armenians 5.5%
83,746 Ukrainians 1.6%
22,595 Greeks 0.4%
16,890 Belarusians 0.3%
24,840 Tatars 0.5%
17,826 Georgians 0.3%
12,171 Germans 0.2%
13,834 Adyghe 0.3%
12,920 Roma 0.3%
10,165 Azeris 0.2%
8,527 Turks 0.3%
5,170 Moldovans 0.1%
3,764 Assyrians 0.1%
79,768 Others 1.5%
  • 101,657 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[14]
Vital Statistics for 2007: Source
  • Birth Rate: 11.19 per 1000
  • Death Rate: 14.39 per 1000
  • Net Immigration: +7.1 per 1000
  • NGR: -0.32% per Year
  • PGR: +0.39% per Year
Vital Statistics for 2008:[15]
  • Population (Jan 2009): 5,100,000
  • Births (2008): 62,200
  • Deaths (2008): 72,900

[edit] 2012 floods

On 7 July 2012, at least 171 people died in Krasnodar Krai, after torrential rains overnight caused the worst flooding and landslides in over 70 years.[16][17][18] The average rainfall for 4–5 months, over 280 millimetres (11 in), was reported to have fallen within 48 hours.[19][16][18] A local police spokesman stated that most of the dead were in Krymsky District, where at least 159 died when a wave of water 5 metres (16 ft) high swept through the town of Krymsk in the middle of the night.[19][17][18] Ten more deaths occurred in Gelendzhik, including five electrocuted when a transformer fell into the floodwater, and two in Novorossiysk.[19][16][18] Authorities stated that 17 people had been officially reported missing, and there were fears the death toll would rise further, while medics had hospitalised 210 people, including 16 children.[18]
The regional government claimed that over 24,000 people were affected by the floods, with more than 3,000 evacuated, and that more than 10,000 rescuers and 140 helicopters were searching for victims and evacuating survivors.[19][16][18] In Krymsk, 14 temporary shelters were set up to house around 2,000 evacuees.[18] The transport system in the region was said to have collapsed, while oil shipments from Novorossiysk were halted when the port, located in the lower part of the city, was threatened by landslides.[19][16][20] Russia's President, Vladimir Putin, flew to the area to hold emergency talks with officials in Krymsk, while authorities in Perm dispatched a rescue team to evacuate dozens of children from the region, who had been staying at summer camps on the Black Sea coast.[16][18][20]
Residents of Krymsk claimed the wave of water that hit the town resulted from the sluice gates of a nearby reservoir being opened, although this was denied by the prosecutor general's investigative committee. Local prosecutors had earlier confirmed that the gates were opened, but stated that it was too early to determine whether this was the cause of the flooding.[17]

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