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06 September 2012

how to assemble a computer

These will be discussed on how to assemble a computer, especially for those who are just learning .. from some references that I learned .. then the following will explain step by step how to assemble a computer, hopefully useful .. Red. dedenComputer assembler components available on the market with a wide selection of quality and price. By assembling your own computer, you can specify the type of component, capabilities and facilities of the computer according kebutuhan.Tahapan in computer assembly consists of:
A. PreparationB. AssemblingC. ExaminationD. Handling Problems
PreparationGood preparation will facilitate the assembly of a computer and avoid the problems that may be related timbul.Hal in preparation include:

Computer Configuration Determination
Preparation Kompunen and supplies
Computer Configuration DeterminationConfigure a computer hooked up to the determination of the components and features of the computer and how all components work as a computer system component started kita.Penentuan suit the type of processor, motherboard, and other components. Factors suitability or compatibility of the components on the motherboard must be considered, because each type of motherboard supports the type of processor, memory modules, ports and I / O bus is different.Preparation Components and SuppliesComputer components and equipment for the assembly prepared for assembly prepared in advance to facilitate assembly. The fixtures were prepared consisting of:

Computer Components
Completeness of components such as cables, screws, jumpers, bolts, etc.
Manuals and reference of the component
Tools such as flat and philips screwdriver
Software operating system, device drivers and application programs.As reference manuals necessary to know the position of the element connection diagram (connectors, ports and slots) and element configuration (jumpers and switches) and how to set jumpers and switches are suitable for computer or CD dirakit.Diskette Software needed to install the Operating System, device drivers from the device, and application programs on a computer that is complete assembled.
SecuritySafety precautions are necessary to avoid problems such as damage to the components by static electricity, falls, excessive heat or cairan.Pencegahan spill damage due to static electricity by:

Using anti-static wristband or touching a metal surface on the chassis before handling components to remove static charge.
Do not directly touch the electronic components, connectors or circuit paths but holding the body of contained metal or plastic components.
AssemblingStages of the process on the computer assembly consists of:

Preparation motherboard
Installing the processor
Installing the heatsink
Installing the Memory Module
installing motherboard in Casing
Installing the Power Supply
Installing the Motherboard Cables and Casing
Installing the Drive
Installing the Adapter Card
Final Settlement

1. Preparation motherboardCheck your motherboard's manual to determine the position of the jumpers for setting the CPU speed, speed multiplier and voltage input to the motherboard. Set the jumper settings according to the instructions, set the jumpers fault voltage can damage the processor.
2. Installing the processorProcessor more easily installed before the motherboard occupies the casing. How to install the processor socket type socket and slot berbeda.Jenis

Locate the pin 1 on the processor and the processor socket on the motherboard, usually located on the corner marked with dots, triangles or indentation.
Enforce the position of the locking lever to open the socket.
Insert the processor into the socket by first aligning the position of the legs of the processor with the socket holes. close it until there is no gap between the processor with the socket.
Lower the locking lever back.

Type Slot

Replace buffer (bracket) at the two ends of the slot on the motherboard so that the position of the peg holes with a hole in the motherboard meet
Enter then the locking pegs pegs pegs in holes
Slide the card processor between the holder and press it to fit exactly into the hole slot.
3. Installing the HeatsinkThe function is to remove the heatsink heat generated by the processor through the conduction of heat from the processor to optimize heat transfer heatsink.Untuk the heatsink should be fitted tightly on the top of the processor with some clip as a drag while the heatsink contact surfaces coated conductor gene panas.Bila heatsink comes with fan the power connector on the fan connected to the fan connectors on the motherboard.

4. Installing the Memory ModuleMemory modules are generally installed sequentially from the smallest socket number. The order of installation can be seen from the diagram motherboard.Setiap the type of memory module SIMM, DIMM and RIMM can be contrasted with the position of the grooves on the sides and bottom of the modul.Cara installed for each type of memory module as follows.Type SIMM

Adjust the position of grooves on the module with the tab in the slot.
Enter the module by making an oblique angle of 45 degrees to the slot
Push the module straight up in the slot, the locking lever on the slot will automatically lock the module.
Type DIMM and RIMMHow to install a DIMM and RIMM modules together and there is only one way that will not be reversed because there are two grooves as a guide. The difference DIMM and RIMM position curve

Lay latch at the end of the slot
adjust the position of grooves on the connector module with the tab in the slot. and insert the module into the slot.
Latch automatically locks the module in the slot when the module is installed right.

5. Installing the Motherboard in CasingMotherboard mounted to the chassis with screws and mounting (standoff). Installation means the following:

Locate the mounting holes for each plastic and metal. Holes for mounting metal (metal spacer) is characterized by a ring on the edge of the hole.
Attach metal or plastic holder on the tray casing according to the position of each corresponding mounting holes on the motherboard.
Place the motherboard on the chassis so that the head holder tray out of the holes on the motherboard. Insert the locking screw on each metal holder.
Attach frame port I / O (I / O sheild) on the motherboard if any.
Install the tray casing which is mounted on the chassis and key motherboard with screws.

6. Installing the Power SupplySome type of casing is equipped with a power supply. When the power supply is not included the installation method as follows:

Enter the power supply on the shelf at the back of the casing. Attach all four locking screws.
Connect the power connector from the power supply to the motherboard. ATX power connector types have only one way of fixing that will not be reversed. For non ATX type connector with two wires separated the black ground should be placed side by side and mounted in the middle of the motherboard power connector. Connect the power cord for the fan, if you use the fan for the CPU cooler.
7. Installing the Motherboard Cables and CasingOnce the motherboard is installed in the casing next step is to install the cable I / O panel on the motherboard and the casing.

Connect the data cable to the floppy drive connector on the motherboard floppy controller
Attach the IDE cable to the primary and secondary IDE connector on the motherboard.
For non-ATX motherboard. Replace the serial and parallel port cable to the connector on the motherboard. Note the position of pin 1 to install.
On the back of the casing there is a hole for attaching additional types of non-slot port. Open the locking plate screw holes covered lalumasukkan port connector port you want to install and re-install the screw.
When the mouse port not available behind the card casing mouse connector should be installed and connected to the mouse connector on the motherboard.
Wiring connectors on the front panel of the switch chassis, LED, internal speakers and ports are mounted on the front of the casing when the motherboard. Check the motherboard diagram to locate the appropriate connector.
8. Installing the DriveThe procedure to install the hard disk drive, floppy, CD ROM, CD-RW or DVD is the same as follows:

Dislodged pellets drive bay cover (space to drive the casing)
Enter the drive bay from the front of the first set the jumper settings (as master or slave) on the drive.
Adjust the position of the screw holes on the drive and the casing and replace the screws securing the drive.
Connect the IDE cable to the drive and the connector on the motherboard (primary connector is used first)
Repeat steps 1 samapai 4 for each installation of the drive.
When the IDE cable connected to du drive make sure the jumper settings differences both the first drive set as master and the other as the slave.
Secondary IDE connector on the motherboard can be used to connect two additional drives.
Floppy drive is connected to a special floppy connector on the motherboard
Connect the power cable from the power supply to each drive.
9. Installing the Adapter CardCard adapters are commonly installed video cards, sound, network, modem and SCSI adapters. Video card should generally be mounted and installed prior to the other adapter card. How to install the adapter:

Hold the adapter card at the edges, avoid touching electronic components or circuit. Press the card until the connector fit in the expansion slot on the motherboard
Install the retaining screws to the chassis card
Reconnect the internal cables on the card, if any.
10. Penyelessaian End

Replace the chassis cover by sliding
connect the cable from the power supply into a wall socket.
Attach the monitor to the video card port.
Plug the phone cord into the modem port if any.
Connect the keyboard cable connector and plug the mouse into the mouse port or serial poert (depending on the type of mouse).
Connect external devices such as speakers, joystick, and microphone if any to the appropriate port. Check the manual of the adapter card to ascertain the location of the port.


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