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13 January 2013

DUCK RAISING broiler SERATI / tiktok SCR INTENSIVE


I. INTRODUCTION
Duck plays big enough to meet the needs of animal protein, because in addition to producing eggs also serves as a producer of meat. Contribute to the needs eggs duck eggs in Indonesia was 19.35%, while the contribution in the supply of meat is only 0.94%. Duck meat needs continue to rise, and even some restaurants, restaurant, café and shop tent in urban areas have many serves fried duck, roast duck and duck satay as a superior menu.One type of duck meat which is currently much in demand and begin to develop is duck serati / tiktok, resulting from interbreeding between wild duck laying ducks male and female through the process of artificial insemination (AI). Maintenance serati / tiktok as duck meat has several advantages, namely that the weight cut quickly grew larger, more tender texture of the meat, it was delicious and not fishy, ​​and low fat content is only 1.5%. In addition, maintenance is also relatively short period ie 8-10 weeks.In addition to intensive cultivation, duck meat serati / tiktok also be maintained in an integrated manner with rice. Maintenance of integrated wetland can reduce production costs, because some feed sources can be obtained from the field in the form of grass, insects, snails, small frogs and sebaginya. Maintenance tiktok integrated with rice (3,500 fish / ha) for 75 days to reach the weight of 2.5 kg / head with a mortality of 5%.
II. FACILITIES AND INFRASTRUCTURE

    
What businesses should pay attention to the environment and topography, land status should be clear and far from the settlement.
    
The ingredients needed are child cage, cage enlargement, seed, feed, medicine, food and drinking places, and lighting.
    
Cages made of bamboo child / wire, such as stage, well-ventilated, the floor sprinkled with bran / sawdust to absorb water and dirt.
    
Enlargement cage made of bamboo, a ground floor enclosure be backed with husk / sawdust to absorb water and dirt, and sufficient ventilation.
    
Childcare cage size and magnification adjusted to scale. Density of fatherly age 0-2 weeks is 25-30 ekor/m2 and age 3-10 weeks 10-12 ekor/m2.
    
What cage should pay attention to layout, drainage, air circulation, light metonin, transportation, food sources, water sources are not noisy and must be dry and clean.
    
Where to eat and drink from is not easily corroded material and easy to clean, easy to reach and moved their placement.

III. TECHNICAL CULTURE

    
Seed Procurement,

    
Selection of seeds (DOD) is one of the keys to business success enlargement. DOD is good to be healthy and well characterized by: body robust, agile and nimble; sturdy legs; physical disabilities and high appetite. Duckling serati / tiktok newborn (DOD) has a body weight 26-53 g (average 40.03 g). Seeds serati / tiktok can be obtained from Balitnak Ciawi-Bogor or other nurseries.

    
Provision of Feed,

    
In intensive broiler duck farming, supply of feed is often an obstacle because most still rely on feed mills who spend 60-70% of production costs. Feed used in aquaculture broiler ducks are only two types of starter and grower / finisher. The nutritional needs of stadia starter (0-3 weeks) and grower (4-10 weeks) are presented in the following table.



    
Rations duck meat can be prepared by mixing a few ingredients derived from agricultural waste, fisheries and plant feed (concentrate and pur). Waste agriculture and fisheries as a source of food is rice bran, groats, grits, coconut cake, golden apple snail, fresh trash fish and shrimp heads. The composition of duck meat ration serati / tiktok stadia and commercial pur starter is groats with a 2:1 ratio, while the stadia grower can use the following formula:

    
Feeding starter stadia as 20-40 g / head / day with a frequency of 3-4 times, while the grower stadia as 40-60 g / head / day with a frequency of 2-3 times.

    
Weight loss

    
Growth in body weight of ducks serati / tiktok fast enough. With the provision of adequate food and quality, weight duck serati / tiktok age of 10 weeks to reach 2.5 kg. Mean body weight of ducks serati age of 5 weeks is 1229.49 (initial weight 40.03 g), while at the age of 10 weeks of 1154-2076 g / fish (initial weight 502.4 to 734.3 g).

    
Disease and Prevention

    
Ducks serati / tiktok relatively resistant to disease, because of its better adaptation to environmental changes.
    
The disease arises as a result of not functioning properly the main factors, namely: sanitation, biosecurity, management and environmental changes, especially the weather and temperature.
    
Major diseases duck meat is similar to other fowl, namely: sallmonellosis caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhimurium and S. entritidis; botulismus caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum; fowl cholera, fowl pox, avian infkenza, avian chlamydiasis, coccidiosis, etc..
    
Prevention of diseases through improved sanitation duck broiler cage, vaccination, and improving the quality of feed. While that has been attacked may be given antibiotics as Sulfadimidin, Furasolidine, Tetramysin, Spreptomycin, Oxytetrasiklin etc..

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